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International Criminal Court

Debate starts here

Welcome to the International Criminal Court! This is a unique committee in Model UN that operates through trials as opposed to topics. Each case is represented by two lawyers, one prosecuting and one defending. The rest of committee will act as the jury for the duration of the trial. Jury members are responsible for asking thoughtful questions and determining a fair a just verdict for the case. The requirements of creating a case will be emailed to lawyers well ahead of the conference to allow time to prepare. The chairs will work diligently and frequently with anyone in need of help. We understand that for many people this is their first time doing the ICC.

Lawyers must send an email to rochester.icc@gmail.com stating their case preferences in order to sign up for the International Criminal Court. Stating your cases preferences involves writing out your top three defendant and the side you wish to argue. Upon sending an email, lawyers will be admitted to the ICC on a first come first serve basis. Once in committee, the chairs will send all the required materials to the lawyer including a set of the international laws, known as the Rome Statute. You can also reach the chairs individually at ginadipaola27@gmail.com or piotrowski.jack@gmail.com.

Chairs

Jack Piotrowski

My name is Jack Piotrowski and this will be my third time chairing the International Criminal Court and my ninth Model UN conference. I have had great experiences with the ICC in the past and I can only hope that they will continue into the future! Besides Model UN, I also actively participate in Science Olympiad, Speech and Debate, the Brighton Fire Department, Ultimate Frisbee, and the Rochester Museum and Science Center. I am excited to have an amazing final conference!

Gina DiPaola

My name is Gina DiPaola and I will be co-chairing the International Criminal Court at the St. John Fisher 2015 Conference. This will be my first chairing experience and I am confident it will be a memorable one! I have been partaking in the International Criminal Court since the beginning of last year and have found every conference exceptionally rewarding. Outside of Model UN, I am a writer for Her Culture Magazine, a Metro Justice Women’s Equality Act Committee Member, and a VolunTEEN Nation Ambassador. Feel free to email me with any and all questions.

Topics

Daniel François Malan

From 1948 to 1954 Daniel François Malan was the prime minister of South Africa. He is known not only for the rise of Afrikaner nationalism, but also for the implementation of the notorious South African Apartheid. Apartheid was a system of extreme and legalized segregation in South Africa which lasted from Malan’s rule in 1948, to 1994 when it was ended by the general democratic elections.

Can Daniel François Malan be held directly responsible for the implementation of Apartheid, or are other members of the National Party to blame? Is Malan responsible for racial oppression that ensued after his retirement from office in 1954?

 

    Chiang Kai-Shek

    Chiang Kai-Shek ruled the Republic of China (commonly known today as Taiwan) for 47 years, from 1928 to 1975. Kai-Shek was a leader in the brutal Chinese Civil War and Second Sino-Japanese War, which occurred during World War II and resulted in the loss of copious civilian lives. After the war Kai-Shek was associated with the White Terror, a period of martial law that lasted for 38 years and suppressed numerous political dissidents.

    Was Chiang Kai-Shek’s implementation of martial law legal under international laws? Is Chiang Kai-Shek responsible for war crimes occurring during the Chinese Civil War and the Second Sino-Japanses War?

     

      François Duvalier

      President of Haiti from 1957 to 1971, François Duvalier, commonly known as “Papa Doc”, ruled his country through the Tonton Macoute, a loyal military force. Thousands of political dissidents died under Duvalier’s rule, leading to one of the bloodiest periods of time in Haitian history.

      Are other members of Françoid Duvalier’s government and the military to blame for all of the civilian deaths? Does the Rome Statute provide grounds on which to prosecute for exile? If so, can Françoid Duvalier personally be proven responsible for the exile of Haitians?

       

        Dick Cheney

        Richard Bruce Cheney, commonly known as Dick Cheney, was the 46th Vice President of the United States under President George W. Bush. After the September 11th attacks, Cheney was an avid proponent for the Iraq War and the use of enhanced interrogation techniques--a euphemism for the systematic torture of detainees--on captured terrorist suspects. Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq was a center for these human rights violations.

        Can Dick Cheney be held directly responsible for these human rights violations of U.S. detainees? If not, who is responsible? Do suspected terrorists receive lesser degree of protection under international law?

         

          Benito Mussolini

          Benito Mussolini was the legal dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1943 and is considered a key figure in the creation of fascism. Fascist Italy operated multiple concentration camps in Libya. Forced migration brought hundreds of thousands of Libyans to Italian concentration camps, where 80,000 died due to violence, starvation, and disease. However, all concentration camps in Libya were disbanded in 1933.

          Did Benito Mussolini implement the forced migration of Libyans and the establishment of Italian concentration camps in Libya? Was Benito Mussolini aware of the inhumane conditions within the concentration camps? If so, did he have the ability to stop these inhumane conditions?

           

            Vladimir Lenin

            Vladimir Lenin, a communist extremist, was the leader of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and of the Soviet Union. Lenin and Alexander Bogdanov founded the Bolsheviks, an organization composed of the revolutionary working class of Russia. In 1917, the Bolsheviks conducted a campaign of mass killings, torture, and oppression known as the Red Terror; it is estimated that a million people might have lost their lives.

            Did Vladimir Lenin implement the killings, torture, and oppression of Red Terror? Can Vladimir Lenin be held directly responsible for the actions of fellow Bolsheviks who conducted Red Terror?

             

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